03/04/2005 00:00 GMT+7 Email Print Like 0

75 Years of the Communist Party of Vietnam
The Communist Party of Vietnam's National Congresses

On February 3, 1930 in Jiulong (Xianggang, China), Nguyen Ai Quoc (President Ho Chi Minh), the representative of the Communist International, presided over a conference to merge various communist organizations and found the Communist Party of Vietnam. From October 14-31, 1930, the first plenum of the Party Central Committee was convened in Xianggang-China that decided to rename the Communist Party of Vietnam as the Indochinese Communist Party.


Heating days in Hanoi, August 1945.


In the first days against the French colonialists
in Ben Tre, Southern Vietnam.


Using bicycles to carry commodities to Dien Bien Phu Campaign.


The liberation army breaking through the gate of the Independence Palace in Saigon (April 30, 1975).


The ceremony to hoist Vietnamese national flag at the UN Headquarter in New York (Sept. 1977).


Bim Son Cement Plant in Thanh Hoa Province.


Hoa Binh Hydro-electric Power Plant.


Making garments for export.


Dong Thap Polytechnic Hospital has been upgraded.


Rice for export at Haiphong Port.


The Ancestors' Death Anniversary held at Hung King Temple (2000).


Vietnam hopes to welcome 3.5 - 4 million foreign tourists in 2005.

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On February 3, 1930 in Jiulong (Xianggang, China), Nguyen Ai Quoc (President Ho Chi Minh), the representative of the Communist International, presided over a conference to merge various communist organizations and found the Communist Party of Vietnam.

From October 14-31, 1930, the first plenum of the Party Central Committee was convened in Xianggang-China that decided to rename the Communist Party of Vietnam as the Indochinese Communist Party.

The First National Party Congress(March 27-31, 1935 in Macao, China)

The Indochinese people’s sole way to liberate themselves is only the way of army struggle by the mass.

The Congress, convened from August 13-15, 1945 in Tan Trao (Tuyen Quang), called upon the entire people to stand up in a general uprising to gain power. On August 28, 1945 the August Revolution won victory. On September 2, 1945, President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence at Ba Dinh Square in Hanoi, proclaiming the birth of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. On November 11, 1945, the Party announced to dissolve itself but in fact, it withdrew into underground activities.

The 2nd National Party Congress (February 11-19, 1951 in Tuyen Quang Province)

The Congress of resistance war

Attending the Congress, there were 158 official delegates and 53 alternate delegates representing 766,349 Party members. The Congress decided to bring the Party into open activities under a new name as the Vietnam Workers’ Party, and adopted the new Political Platform, Declaration and Statute.

The 3rd National Party Congress (September 5-10, 1960 in Hanoi)

The Congress of socialist construction in the North and struggle for peace and reunification of the country

The Congress was attended by 525 official delegates and 51 alternate delegates, representing more than 500,000 Party members in the whole country, and 20 international delegations. The Congress determined two revolutionary strategies in two zones, the North and the South.

The 4th National Party Congress (December 14-20, 1976 in Hanoi)

The Congress of complete victory of the national liberation cause; the Congress for summing up major lessons of the anti-US resistance war for national salvation; the Congress of national unification taking the whole country forward on the socialist path.

1,008 delegates representing more than 1,550,000 Party members and 29 international delegations participated in the Congress. The Congress elected the 4th Party Central Committee, comprising 101 official members and 32 alternate members, which elected the Political Bureau including 14 official members and three alternate members. The Congress decided to rename the Vietnam Workers’ Party as the Communist Party of Vietnam.

The 5th National Party Congress (January 27-31, 1982 in Hanoi)

All for the socialist Fatherland, for the happiness of the people

1,033 delegates representing 1,727,000 Party members and 47 international delegations attended the Congress. The Congress elected the 5th Party Central Committee, comprising 116 official members and 36 alternate members. The Congress affirmed to continue renewing the mechanism of economic management, acknowledged the de-facto existence of many economic sectors, adjusted the steps and scale of the process of socialist industrialization and considered agriculture the first and foremost front.

The 6th National Party Congress (December 15-18, 1986 in Hanoi)

The Congress of succession and resolve for renewal, unity to advance forward

1,129 delegate representing 1.9 million of Party members in the whole country, 35 international delegations and nearly 100 guests participated in the Congress. The Congress defined the line of renewal and initiative the process of renewal in Vietnam under the Party’s leadership. The Congress elected the 6th Party Central Committee, comprising 124 official members and 49 alternate members.

The 7th National Party Congress (June 24-27, 1991 in Hanoi)

The Congress of intelligence – renewal - democracy – discipline - unity

Attending the Congress there were 1,176 delegates representing more than 2 million Party members in the whole country and many international delegations.

The Congress elected the 7th Party Central Committee, comprising 146 members. The Congress approved the political programme for national construction during the transition to socialism and the strategy on socio-economic stability and development to the year 2000. The Congress decided to pursue the open-door foreign policy, thereby “Vietnam wishes to befriend all countries in the world community, striving for peace, independence and development.”

The 8th National Party Congress (June 28 - July 1, 1996 in Hanoi)

Continuing to carry on the cause of renewal, step up industrialization and modernization for the target of a rich people, a strong country, an equitable and civilized society, steadfastly advancing towards socialism.

The Congress was held with the participation of 1,198 delegates representing more than 2 million Party members and nearly 40 international delegations. Evaluating 10 years of renewal, the Congress affirmed: “The cause of renewal over the past ten years has attained great achievements of very important significance”. “The path towards socialism in our country has been determined more clearly.” The Congress elected the 8th Party Central Committee including 170 members.

The 9th National Party Congress (April 19-22, 2001 in Hanoi)

The Congress of intelligence, democracy, solidarity and renewal

Attending the Congress were 1,168 delegates, symbolizing intelligence, political spirit and solidarity power of the Party, and 34 international delegations. The Congress approved the “Strategy on 2001-2010 socio-economic development” and “Directions, tasks and plans for the 5-year socio-economic development (2001-2005)”. The Congress elected the 9th Party Central Committee, comprising 150 members.

From the 9th National Party Congress to January 2005, 11 plenums of the Party Central Committee were convened that adopted many important resolutions on political, socio-economic issues of the country and prepared for the 10th National Party Congress to be held in the second quarter of 2006.

Compiled by Vuong Mo

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