08/04/2015 15:36 GMT+7 Email Print Like 0

Thanh Hoa: Ba Trieu relic site receives national honour

Thanh Hoa, April 8 (VNA) – The central province of Thanh Hoa held a ceremony in Hau Loc district on April 7 to receive the special national relic site title for the Ba Trieu historical-architectural relic and launch the Ba Trieu festival.

The honour came in celebration of the 2015 National Tourism Year which is underway in Thanh Hoa city following the theme “Connecting World Heritage”.

Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc and leaders of central and local ministries and departments were present at the ceremony.

The Ba Trieu historical-architectural relic site, encompassing Ba Trieu Temple and Phu Dien communal house, is located about 17km north of Thanh Hoa city. It is dedicated to Ba Trieu (Lady Trieu) or Trieu Thi Trinh, a female warrior of Vietnam in the 3rd century, who raised a rebellion against Ngo (Wu) invaders.

Undergoing several restorations and embellishments, the spiritual architecture of the site has still maintained many original artistic values constituting a Vietnamese ancient village.

The Ba Trieu Temple, in particular, was upgraded through the Ly, Tran, Le and Nguyen dynasties (10th -19th centuries). In 1979, Ba Trieu Temple was ranked as a national historic-cultural relic. Later in 1996, the Phu Dien communal house got the same status.

The Ba Trieu Temple festival is scheduled to be held from April 9 to 11 (from the 21st day to 23rd day of the second lunar month) featuring a series of rites and traditional activities.

“Viet Nam Su Luoc” (A Brief history of Vietnam) - a history book written in the early 20th century by Vietnamese historian Tran Trong Kim, described Lady Trieu, who was born in 226, as a strong, brave and smart person.

She was quoted as saying "I only want to ride the wind and walk the waves, slay the big whales of the Eastern sea, clean up frontiers, and save the people from drowning. Why should I imitate others, bow my head, stoop over and be a slave? Why resign myself to menial housework?”

In 248, Lady Trieu led her troops to fight against Ngo invaders. When she went to battles, she usually wore yellow tunics and rode a war-elephant. She proclaimed herself “Nhụy Kiều Tướng quân” (The Lady General clad in Golden Robe).

Because of the lack of troops, she could not manage a long war and was defeated. She fled to Bo Dien commune (now Phu Dien commune, My Hoa district) and then committed suicide.

Later, the Nam De (Southern Emperor) of the early Ly dynasty ( 1010-1225) praised her as a brave and loyal person and ordered his followers to build her a temple, and gave her the title "Bật chính anh hùng tài trinh nhất phu nhân" (Most Noble, Heroic and Virgin Lady).