26/02/2016 16:29 GMT+7 Email Print Like 0

Vietnam Requests to Stop Actions that Change the Status Quo, Militarise or Further Complicate the Situation in the East Sea

On February 15, 2016 the UN Security Council  held an open debate  on “The Respect of Purposes and Principles of the UN Charter as a Key Element for the Maintenance of International Peace and Security”. Ambassador Nguyen Phuong Nga, Permanent Representative of Vietnam to the United Nations, attended the debate and delivered a speech that requests to stop actions that change the status quo, militarise or further complicate the situation in the East Sea.
In his opening speech,  UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon emphasised that  besides  the achievements , the world still faces many challenges such as civil wars ravaging Syria and Yemen, the spread of violent extremism and  the blatant disrespect for fundamental principles of international human rights and humanitarian law.

The Un Secretary-General  stressed the UN’s role in assistance to build up national capacity, helping countries identify and address conflicts and crisis through preventive measures, such as early warning.

He also affirmed that the UN’s action motto is based on cooperation, transparency and respect for national sovereignty in line with the spirit of the UN’s Charter.

Ambassador Nguyen Phuong Nga, Permanent Representative of Vietnam to the United Nations. Photo: VNA

Ambassador Nguyen Phuong Nga and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. Photo: VNA 

Addressing the debate, Ambassador Nguyen Phuong Nga, Permanent Representative of Vietnam to the United Nations, affirmed the UN Charter’s significance in maintaining international peace and security, promoting  development and protecting human’s rights; highlighted the Charter’s  fundamental principles in the face of current traditional and non-traditional security challenges; called on the agency’s bodies, especially  its main organs including the General Assembly, the Security Council and the ECOSOC, in upholding the purposes and principles of the Charter . Special attention must be paid to the respect for the unique nature of each nation in terms of history, culture, politics and economics.

According to the Ambassador, the UN must further promote and assist member states in utilising the applicable means specified in Article 33 of the Charter in the settlement of disputes, while deepening its relationship with regional and sub-regional organisations, which play a significant role in settling these disputes. It is also essential to mobilise resources and develop capabilities for UN peacekeeping operations to ensure its readiness, efficiency and effectiveness.

She emphasised ASEAN solidarity in building a regional architecture conducive to stability and prosperity, especially in the context of complicated happenings in the East Sea with unilateral actions on illegally building artificial islands that seriously affect the environment and damage peace, security and stability in the region.

The ambassador requested involved  parties   to stop actions that change the status quo, militarise or further complicate the situation in the East Sea; called on parties to resolve all disputes through  peaceful means in accordance with the purpose and principles of the UN’s Charter, including the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS),  respect for freedom of  navigation and aviation  in the East Sea and pledge to fully implement the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (DOC) and formulate a Code of Conduct in the East Sea as soon as possible.

The image of illegal runway and constructions of China on the Fiery Cross Reef,
Truong Sa Archipelagoes of Vietnam. Photo: Reuters/VNA 

Exhibition of illegal artificial island construction of China in the East Sea held in Seoul, RoK. Photo: VNA 

International scholars visit an exhibition displaying legal – historical documents
of Vietnam’s Truong Sa and Hoang Sa Archipelagoes. Photo: VNA 

Perspective of the monument dedicated to Gac Ma soldiers in Cam Ranh Peninsula,
Khanh Hoa Province which is a cultural and educational work of the patriotic tradition
and affirms the Vietnam’s sovereignty  over Gac Ma Island in particular
and Hoang Sa and Truong Sa Archipelagoes in general. Photo: VNA 


At the debate, all  member countries affirmed the important role of purposes and principles of the UN’s Charter  being a key element for the maintenance of international peace and security; uphold core values such as respect for state sovereignty and territorial integrity, peaceful settlement of international disputes and non-interference in other countries internal affairs, non-use and threat to use force and the role of the U in assisting countries in solving disputes by peaceful means and eradicating  issues to prevent conflicts, especially in the context of  peace and security in the region and the world being threatened by disputes on sovereignty and territory integrity, religious and ethnic conflicts, disarmament and dissemination of weapons of mass destruction, terrorism and violent extremism that lead to the flow of uncontrolled migration, epidemic diseases and climate change.